Athlete’s foot is a fungal infection, commonly between the toes. It usually happens in persons whose feet are excessively sweaty when in tight fitting shoes.
The scaly rash that generally causes itching, stinging, and burning, includes signs and symptoms on Athlete’s foot. The foot of an athlete is infectious and can be transmitted through contaminated flooring, towels or clothes.
The foot of the athlete is strongly linked to various fungal diseases, including ringworm and jock itch.
Over-the-counter antimicrobial medicine can be treated, but the infection typically comes back. Medicines are also accessible on prescription.
Table Of Contents
- What Is an Athlete’s Foot?
- Athlete’s Foot Sign & Symptoms
- Athlete’s Foot Types
- Athlete’s Foot Causes
- How to Get an Athlete’s Foot?
- Athlete’s Foot Prevention
- Athlete’s Foot Diagnosis
- Athlete’s Foot Treatment
- How Long Does an Athlete’s Foot Last?
- Is Athlete’s Foot Contagious?
What Is an Athlete’s Foot?
The feet of an athlete, often referred to as the tinea pedis, are infectious and damage the skin of the fungus on the feet.
The toenails and hands can be extended too. The fungal infection, which is commonly seen in athletes, is called athlete’s foot.
The foot of the athlete is not serious, but it’s difficult to treat, occasionally. You should call your doctor immediately if you suffer from diabetes and a compromised immune system and believe your foot is an athlete.
Athlete’s Foot Sign & Symptoms
Athletes’ foot generally create a red scaly rash. The rash usually starts between the toes. Jokes are frequently the worst soon after your shoes and socks are off.
Certain kinds of foot bubbles or ulcers feature in the foot. Athletes’ foot moccasin causes persistent dryness and soil scaling, which spreads up the foot. Eczema or dry skin may be misinterpreted.
The illness can spread to one or both feet—particularly if you scratch or choose the affected portion of your foot.
Athlete’s Foot Types
#1. Toe Web Infection
The most frequent kind of athlete’s foot is toe web infection (interdigital). It generally happens between the two toes.
– Skin that seems soft and humid and pale white is often used.
– May cause itching, mild smell and burning.
#2. Moccasin Infection
A moccasin-type infection is a long-lasting (chronic) infection. This kind of infection:
– Minor discomfort, dryness, itching, burning, or scaly skin may occur at first.
– Thickened, scaling, cracking, and peeling skin develops on the sole or heel. Toenails can become infected and thicken, crumble, or fall out in severe cases. See the subject Fungal Nail Infections for more details.
– It is possible that it will appear on the palm of the hand (symptoms commonly affect one hand and both feet).
– A moccasin-type infection may begin with little foot pain. The skin on the sole or heel of your foot may thicken and crack as a result.
In severe situations, the toenails get infected and thicken, disintegrate, or fall off. A fungal infection in the toes needs special therapy.
#3. Vesicular Infection
A vesicular infection is the least frequent form of infection. This type:
– It usually starts with a sudden rash of fluid-filled blisters beneath the skin. Blisters most commonly form on the skin of the instep, although they can also form between the toes, on the heel, or on the bottom or top of the foot.
– After the first infection, it is not uncommon for it to reoccur. Infections might develop in the same or a different location, such as the arms, chest, or fingers. Between eruptions, your skin may become scaly.
– A bacterial infection may also be present.
Athlete’s Foot Causes
The same fungus that causes ringworm and jock itch produces an athlete’s foot. Damp socks and shoes, as well as warm, humid environments, promote the growth of the organisms.
Athlete’s foot is infectious and spreads through contact with an infected individual or by contact with contaminated surfaces such as towels, floors, and shoes.
How to Get an Athlete’s Foot?
Anyone may acquire an athlete’s foot, but some activities put you at a higher risk. Athlete’s foot can be caused by a number of factors, including:
– You’re a guy.
– Going barefoot in public areas, including locker rooms, showers, and swimming pools.
– Sharing an infected person’s socks, shoes, mats, carpets, bed linens, clothing, or towels.
– Wearing tight, closed-toe shoes, or wearing moist socks or tight-fitting shoes on a regular basis.
– Being soaked for extended periods of time.
– Having perspiring feet.
– Suffering from a small skin or nail injury on your foot.
Athlete’s Foot Prevention
You may do several things to avoid foot infection of athletes:
1. Keep your feet clean and dry, especially between your toes
– Wash and thoroughly dry your feet, especially between the toes, with soap and water each day.
2. Replace socks on a regular basis.
– When your feet start to sweat, change your socks.
– Wash in water of 140 ° F (60 ° C or above) socks, bedding and towels. Combining washing socks with application of OTC antifungal treatments should treat most cases of athlete’s foot. You may clean your shoes by using disinfectant wipes (like Clorox wipes) or sprays.
3. Wear shoes that are light and well-ventilated.
– Wear shoes made of breathable materials.
– Wear socks made of breathable fibers like cotton or wool, or socks made of synthetic fibers that wick moisture away from your skin.
4. Shoes should be switched out on a regular basis.
– Switch between two pairs of shoes, using each pair every other day, to allow your shoes to dry between usage. Moisture will help the fungus to thrive.
5. In public settings, keep your feet safe.
– Wearing sandals in public showers, at public pools or elsewhere.
6. Take care of your toes
– When you’re at home, go barefoot to let your feet breathe.
– Put your foot every day with antifungal powder.
– Do not share with other people socks, shoes or towels.
Athlete’s Foot Diagnosis
The symptoms may be diagnosed by a physician’s foot. Or, if a doctor isn’t sure a fungal infection causes your symptoms, he or she might request a skin test.
The most frequent test for athletes’ foot is a skin lesion potassium hydroxide examination. A doctor scraps a diseased portion of the skin and puts it in a hydroxide of potassium.
The KOH kills normal cells and leaves them undisturbed so that under a microscope they are easy to spot.
Athlete’s Foot Treatment
Over-the-counter (OTC) topical antifungal medicines can commonly be used to treat the foot of an athlete.
Your doctor may order topical or oral antifungal prescription drugs if OTC medicines do not treat your infection. Your doctor may also suggest treatments at home to help remove the infection.
#1. OTC medications
There are several OTC topical antifungal medicines available, including:
– Vaginal miconazole (Desenex): is used in adults and children aged 12 years and older to treat vaginal yeast infections. Miconazole is classified as imidazole in an antifungal drug. It acts by preventing the growth of infectious fungus.
– Terbinafine (Lamisil AT): an antifungal agent used in the form of its hydrochloride C21H25N·HCl orally in the treatment of onychomycosis and topically in the treatment of tinea corporis, tinea cruris, and athlete’s foot
– Butenafine (Lotrimin Ultra): The active ingredient in Lotrimin Ultra Athlete’s Foot Cream, butenafine hydrochloride, helps cure most athlete’s foot between the toes in a week if used as directed.
Lotrimin Ultra relieves itchy, cracked feet and toes with this easy-to-apply, prescription strength formula for athletes and other active people.
– Clotrimazole (Lotrimin AF): Skin infections such as foot of athletes, jock itch, ringworm and other skin-infections are treated using clotrimazole (candidiasis).
This drug is also used for treating skin disorder called pityriasis, a fungal infection that causes the skin of the neck, chest, arms or legs to lighten or darken. Clotrimazole is an antimicrobial azole that acts to inhibit fungal development.
– Tolnaftate (Tinactin): Tolnaftate is used to treat skin infections such as tinea pedis, ringworm, and ringworm. This is a fungicide that inhibits the growth of fungi.
This medicine should only be used externally. Thoroughly clean the affected area. After draining, apply the medicine to the affected area, twice a day or as directed by your doctor. Dosage and duration of treatment depend on the type of infection being treated
#2. Prescription medications
Prescription medicines for athlete’s foot that your doctor may prescribe include:
– Topical clotrimazole or miconazole (prescription strength)
– Itraconazole (Sporanox), fluconazole (Diflucan), and prescription-strength terbinafine are examples of oral antifungal medicines (Lamisil)
– Steroid medicines are used to treat painful inflammation.
– If bacterial infections occur as a result of raw skin and blisters, medicines should be taken orally.
#3. Home remedies
Your doctor may suggest you dry up blisters by drinking your feet in salting water or diluting vinegar. You can generally treat your foot at home with nonprescription medications and treat your feet at home.
You can treat your foot (tinea pedis). However, visit your doctor if you have diabetes and have foot defects or persistent, severe or recurring infections.
#4. Alternative therapy
Tea tree oil was utilized to treat the foot of the athlete successfully as an alternative medicine. A research in 2002 indicated that 64 percent of subjects received a 50% solution of tea tree oil that cured an athlete’s foot successfully.
Ask your doctor if your athlete can aid with a tea tree oil treatment. Tea tree oil may cause some people to have contact dermatitis.
How Long Does an Athlete’s Foot Last?
Athlete’s foot infections can range from minor to severe. Some clear up immediately, while others persist for a long period. Antifungal therapy is typically effective for athlete’s foot infections.
However, fungal infections can be difficult to eradicate. Long-term antifungal drug treatment may be required to prevent athlete’s foot infections from recurring.
Is Athlete’s Foot Contagious?
Athlete’s foot is a slightly contagious infection. It is spread by direct touch with the illness as well as skin particles left on towels, shoes, or floors.
Above is information about an athlete’s foot. Hope this article helps you to have more understanding about Athlete’s foot as well as how to prevent and treat the disease.